Logos, ethos, and pathos

“I Have a Dream” by Martin Luther King Jr.is mostly constructed using ethos and pathos, but a few instances of logos are also included. The speaker uses these modes of persuasion to encourage the audience to support the Civil Rights Movement by illustrating why this movement is necessary and what it will achieve.


King appeals to reason in the speech by mentioning facts and using logical arguments which support his views on racial discrimination. All of this serves as proof for King in his argumentation.

For example, he lists several real situations in which African Americans are discriminated against:  

…the Negro is the victim of the unspeakable horrors of police brutality. We can never be satisfied as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities.

Additionally, when he creates the extended metaphor of the Civil Rights Movement being like cashing a check, King uses a logical line of reasoning. The analogy shows that African...

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