“The Great Gatsby” was first published in 1925, and the novel itself is set only a couple of years earlier. The novel draws heavily on its historical and cultural context, as F Scott Fitzgerald frequently took inspiration from his own life and the social environment in which he lived and the lifestyle he and his wife Zelda preferred.

“The Great Gatsby”'s background is a particular one, frequently being described as a novel of its time, namely the Jazz Age which Fitzgerald's books helped to define. The book is based on the background of American politics and society in the early 1920s.